State joined the union on February 6, 1788 – State No 06 (South and North)/13

Capital: Boston

**

Proclamation on May 20, in 1935 declaring that day and in each succeeding year to be

“Massachusetts Lafayette Day”.  May 20, 1834 was the date of Lafayette’s death.

(only 3 US States have a “Lafayette Day” –  Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Virginia)

**

* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States
□ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States
Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

(click on the map to enlarge)

TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MASSACHUSETTS

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

(Boston, Fall River, Haverhill)

Boston, MA

Marquis de La Fayette Memorial,

The bronze plaque both commemorates the 100 anniversary of the Lafayette’s visit (1824)

and names the mall where it stands “The Lafayette Mall.” 

The plaque was dedicated in 1924 in Parkman Plaza, part of the Boston Common (Tremont Street, near Park Street).

Plaque and Bas-Relief by John Francis Paramino.

*

Fall River, MA

Equestrian statue of Lafayette 

A plaque on the front of the statue reminds us that Lafayette and his men passed through Fall River in 1778 on their way to Newport. Plaques on the County Street and park side of the statue note that the statue was given by the people of Fall River who were of French descent. One plaque is in English, the other is in French. Date of dedication: September 2, 1916. by Ettore and Arnaldo Zucchi in Lafayette Park

*

Haverhill, MA

Marquis de Lafayette

The sculpture is mounted on top of a base constructed of stone blocks. A plaque is attached to each side of the base.

By Arnaldo Torcchi. Dedicated Sept. 17, 1932. In 2004, the interior and exterior of the statue was removed, restored,

and returned to Lafayette Square Corner of Winter & Essex Streets.

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TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange “Home” of Lafayette.

(No places in Massachussetts named for Lafayette found)

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TOPIC III (T3) STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Boston, MA – State Capital

Ave de Lafayette, Boston MAAvenue de Lafayette

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Amesbury, MA – Lafayette St .Ext.

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Bourne, MA – Lafayette Ave

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Cambridge, MA

Lafayette square, Cambridge, MA

Lafayette Square, cambridge MALafayette Square

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Caritas Communities, MA – Lafayette St.

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Chelsea, MA – Lafayette Ave

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Chicopee, MA – Lafayette St.

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Danvers, MA – Lafayette Ave

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Devens, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Fairhaven, MA – Lafayette St.

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Hingham, MA – Lafayette Ave

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Ipswich, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Lawrence, MA –  Lafayette St.

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Lawrence, MA – Lafayette Ave

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Lowell, MA -Lafayette St.

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Marblehead, MA – Lafayette St.

(Street, leading to Salem)

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New Bedford, MA – Lafayette St.

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Newburyport, MA – Lafayette St.

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Newton, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Plymouth, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Reading, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Salem, MA – Lafayette St.

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Salisbury, MA – Lafayette Rd

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Swansea, MA – Lafayette St.

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Wakefield, MA – Lafayette St.

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Worcester, MA – Lafayette St.

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TOPIC IV (T) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

Boston, MA

lafayette bust - Boston

A marble bust of LaFayette is located in the Senate Chamber of the Massachusetts State House

(24 Beacon Street, Boston, MA.)

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TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.

*

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 states involved : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the “Insurgents” of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779. Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

Lafayette: First military campaign : from June 1777 to January 1779

Fall River, MA 1778

Lafayette-Durfee House MA 1778Lafayette-Durfee House  

The Durfees would host Lafayette at their home in the summer of 1778, as well on other occasions.

Colonel Joseph Durfee, the son of Judge Thomas Durfee served with the Marquis de Lafayette at the Battle of White Plains, NY and also in Rhode Island.

The Lafayette-Durfee House (built before1750) is a historic house located at 94 Cherry Street in Fall River, Massachusetts. The house was originally located at the site of the current Fall River Superior Courthouse on North Main Street,

*
Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents” : from February 1779 to March 1780

*
Lafayette: Second military campaign :  from April 1780 to December 1781

Marblehead, MA

(Lafayette came 3 times at Marblehead in 1700, 1784, 1824  – See also Topic 6 and 7)

marblehead, MA -1780 Marblehead Port c.1780

hermone 1780 - 2

This is L’Hermione, the fregate that carried Le Marquis de La Fayette from France to Boston in 1780

… “Finally, the American coast came into view on Thursday, April 27, and by 2:00 in the afternoon l’Hermione found shelter in the small port of Marblehead, sixteen miles from Boston. La Touche noted that “Brigadier General Glover came on board to see Monsieur the Marquis de La Fayette.” (ttps://allthingsliberty.com/2015/04/lafayettes-second-voyage-to-america-lafayette-and-lhermione)

General La Fayette embarked on L’Hermione at Port-aux-barques near Rochefort, France on March 11, 1780 and arrived in Marblehead near Boston on April 28 carrying the secret news that he had secured French reinforcements (“Expédition particulière” :5,500 men and 5 frigates) for the American Insurgents of George Washington.

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FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navare

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.

1778-1782 – France 0fficialy and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

 

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TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.

-Lafayette received an honorary degree from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
-Lafayette received a portrait of Washington from the city of Boston, MA.
-Massachusetts granted him citizenship.

Marblehead, MA

(Lafayette came 3 times at Marblehead in 1700, 1784, 1824  – See also Topic 5 and 7)

Lafayette portrait - Marblehead, MA 1784General Lafayette portrait. Marblehead Museum archives

Lafayette visited Marblehead a first time in 1784. He came particularly to honor General John Glover, who fought with him in the American Revolution and also to see his friend Elbridge Gerry an American statesman and diplomat.

Lee Mansion, Marblehead, MA c-1905Colonel Jeremiah Lee and Mrs. mansion where Lafayette was received  in 1784

The Jeremiah Lee Mansion is a historic house located at 170 Washington Street in Marblehead, Massachusetts. Today, it is operated as a house museum by the local historical society,

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TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Detailed Timeline

Lafayette visited New England: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and Connecticut twice,

spending a month all told in the region.

**

The First New England Visit (From August 20 to September 04, 1824)

From August 21 to August 24. Heading north from Staten Island, NY. He stopped briefly in New Haven, Conn., Providence, R.I., Stoughton, MA and Boston, MA

Stoughton, MA

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Boston, MA

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On August 25 he arrived in Cambridge, Mass.

Cambridge, MA

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On August 26 he stopped in five Massachusetts cities and towns:  Lexington, Concord, Salem, Marblehead, Newburyport and settled into the Boston area until August 31.

(During that time he visited former President John Adams at latter’s estate “Peacefield” in Quincy, MA)

Lexington, MA

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Concord, MA

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Salem, MA

hmilton Hall 1824 salem

On August 31st, 1824  Lafayette was the guest of honor at a banquet held in the Hamilton Hall building

plaque Hamilton Hall

Hamilton Hall plaque which reads: In Memory of Major General Marquis de Lafayette,

Soldier, Statesman, Citizen of France and of the United States. 

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Marblehead, MA

(Lafayette came 3 times at Marblehead in 1700, 1784, 1824  – See also Topic 5 and 6)

When Lafayette and his son, George Washington Lafayette came to Marblehead, though his friends Glover and Gerry were no longer living but Lafayette’s affection for the town remained constant. As did the town’s feelings for him. They both visited Mary Glover Hooper, the daughter of John Glover.

coach pulled by six white horses -2-

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

As a part of his welcome, a large and beautiful coach pulled by six white horses awaited him, and he was driven around the streets of Marblehead .  A diner was served at the Lee Mansion, owned at this time by the Bank of Marblehead.

The Jeremiah Lee Mansion is a historic house located at 170 Washington Street in Marblehead, Massachusetts.

Today, it is operated as a house museum by the local historical society.

The myth of the “ Lafayette House”

The-Lafayette-House-on-Hooper-Street-Marblehead-MA

The said “Lafayette House”  is located on Hooper Street, Marblehead, MA at a spot where five streets intersect.
The house is notable as being the home of Jeremiah Lee and his family from 1751 to 1768. before he built his later mansion in Marblehead where Lafayette was received in 1784 and 1824
The house acquired this name due to an often-told story that when General Lafayette visited Marblehead in 1824, his carriage, a coach pulled by six white horses was too large to pass by the house and so the corner of the building on the first floor was removed.
BUT…The story is considered unlikely by modern historians and there are other possible explanations for why the house is missing a corner. To allow large coal wagons to pass by,  or that it was constructed that way for a retail shop entrance, or to allow the flow of draining water and sewage.

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Newburyport, MA

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On September 1, he visited Portsmouth, N.H., then headed south again to Boston and Lexington.

On Sept. 3. Worcester, Mass., and Tolland, Conn., were on his agenda

On Sept. 4, Hartford and Middletown, Conn. were on his agenda

**

He then visited familiar places:  Philadelphia, Delaware, Virginia. He spent some time in the new capital, Washington, D.C. then south to Maryland, the Carolinas and Georgia. He turned west to see the new states of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana, then up the Mississippi River in a steamboat to Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. Then he traveled back through Pennsylvania to New York, where he saw Niagara Falls and went to Albany by way of the Erie Canal. From Albany he traveled straight to Boston.

**

Second New England Visit (From June 13 to June 29, 1825)

On June 1825, Lafayette is  back in New England.

 

Worthington, MA

June 13, 1825

Worthington MA

A monument commemorating General LaFayette’s visit to Worthington, MA in 1825 is located in front of the Worthington Library.

Worthington MA 1825

“General Lafayette friend of America in its struggle for liberty visited worthington june 13, 1825

was a guest overnight at the tavern then located at this site”

(Erected by George Washington chapter sons of the american revolution and by the town of worthington -1925)

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Charlestown, MA / near Boston, MA – 1825

Bunker Hill Monument

lafayette bunker hill

June 17, 1825,  Lafayette begin his second New England Tour. He lays the cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument during celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, in Charlestown, Boston, MA. He is accompanied by Daniel Webster, who gives a rousing speech.

bunker hill monument today

Bunker Hill Monument today

June 17, 1825, Lafayette began his second New England tour by laying the cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument

On June 23, He spent the night in Dover, N.H. That night, a delegation of citizens from South Berwick, Maine, invited him to breakfast. He accepted. Then he visited Biddeford and Portland.

On June 27, he arrived late at night in Claremont, N.H.

On June 28, Early in the day, he crossed over the Cornish Bridge to Vermont, passing through Woodstock late in the morning, then took a stagecoach over the mountains to Barnard and Royalton, Randolph and Barre. He spend the night in Montpelier at The Pavilion.

On Wednesday, June 29, 1825, he left Montpelier for Burlington, his last stop in New England.

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On June 29, 1825, he traveled overnight south on Lake Champlain past Mount Independence on the steamboat Phoenix II and arrived Whitehall, New York June 30 1825

 

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