“District of Columbia” washington is the capital of the United States.

Founded on July 16, 1790

**

He was voted, by the U.S. Congress, for Lafayette the sum of $200,000

and a township of land in Tallahassee, Florida, to be known as the Lafayette Land Grant.

* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States
□ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States
Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

(click on the map to enlarge)

TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN WASHINGTON, DC

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

Washington D.C.

Major General Marquis Gilbert de Lafayette,  Lafayette Square, Washington, D.C. (1891)

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TOPIC II (T2)  – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange “Home” of La fayette

(No places named for Lafayette found )

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TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Washington, DC

lafayette Square, Washington, DC Lafayette Square

It was originally part of the White House grounds

(separated from the Executive Mansion in 1804 when is built Pennsylvania Avenue through the park).

The park’s name was changed to Lafayette Square in 1824 to honor the Marquis. In the park are five statues (Clark Mills, General Marquis Gilbert de Lafayette, Major General Comte Jean de Rochambeau, Thaddeus Koscuiszko, Major General Baron Frederich Wilhelm von Steuben.

Washington, DC

Lafayette Park, Washington DCLafayette Park

(The northern part of President’s Park)

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Washington, DC

Lafayette Ave, Washington, DCLafayette Ave.

Plus in Washington, DC

Lafayette Elementary School

Lafayette Building,

The Lafayette condo at Penn Quarter

Lafayette Tower

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TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

Washington, DC

Lighthouse clock

A lighthouse clock to commemorate the visit of the Marquis to the U. S. White House library -By made by Simon Willard

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P3- Lafayette By scheffer 1824 in US House of ReprsentativesLafayette in US House of Reprsentatives

Lafayette enjoyed the painting so much that he distributed copies of it wherever he stopped during his stay
By Dutch artist Ary Sheffer, 1824 .

 

TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.

*

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 states involved : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire,New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the “Insurgents” of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779. Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

Lafayette : First military campaign : from June 1777 to January 1779

*
Lafayette : Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents” : from February 1779 to March 1780

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Lafayette : Second military campaign :  from April 1780 to December 1781

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FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navare

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.

1778-1782 – France officialy and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

 

(No involvement. The District of Columbia did not exist in 1765-1783)

(It was parts of Virginia and Maryland States)

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TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.

(No visit. The District did not exist in 1784)

In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.

Go to the States visited :

Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).

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TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Detailed timeline

October 1824
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
•    October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware
•    October 12 –Lafayette arrives in the District of Columbia
•    October 15 – Spends the entire evening  at Arlington House, although he returns to his hotel inWashington/D.C. at night
•    October 17 – Mount Vernon/Virginia
•    October 18–19 – Petersburg/Virginia, for visit to Yorktown/Virginia
•    October 19–22 – Williamsburg/Virginia
•    October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth/Virginia.
•    October – Richmond/Virginia,
November 1824
•    November 4 –Monticello/Virginia (former President Thomas Jefferson).
•    November 8 – Charlottesville/Virginia
December 1824
•    Early December – Lafayette stays in Washington, D.C., visiting the White House, meeting several times with President James Monroe, as well as George Washington’s relatives. Visits the Navy Yard. On December 8 and 9 he makes official visits to the Senate and addresses the U.S. Congress at the House of Representatives.

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•    December 15 – Washington/D.C.– Lafayette is feted at the first commencement ceremony of the Columbian College in the District of Columbia (later renamed George Washington University).

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•    December 17 – Annapolis/Maryland (visits Fort Severn).
•    December 24 – Frederick, Maryland. (“Jug Bridge” crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike).
1825
January 1825
•    January 1 – Washington/D.C. (Congress)
•    January 19 – Baltimore to Norfolk and Richmond/Virginia
•    January 31 – Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Perseverance Lodge #21)
February 1825
•    February 23 -Suffolk/Virginia and Halifax/North Carolina (sandy “Lower Road” from Richmond to Raleigh)
•    February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
•    February 26—Murfreesboro/North Carolina (first overnight in NC)
•    February 27 – Northampton/NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
•    February 28 – Enfield/North Carolina (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
March 1825
•    March 1. Fayetteville/North Carolina
•    March 2–3 – Raleigh, North Carolina
•    March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
•    March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
•    March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
•    March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
•    March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up the Savannah River by steamboat)
•    March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
•    March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
•    March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
•    March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
•    March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabins (now in Chattahoochee County)
•    March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
•    …/…
•    May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern
•    May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
    May 25 – Washington D.C. /Pennsylvania
…/…

•    Late July –Baltimore/Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. Spends two days in Baltimore.
August 1825
•    Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia

September 1825

  • September 4 – The Marquis returns to the Washington, D.C area, and attends a banquet stays at the new Alexandria plantation, Huntley Hall, the home of George Mason’s grandson. Lafayette enjoyed several meals there and enjoyed the company of the Masons. He was slept in the Upper Guestroom of the Plantation’s mansion, which has the nickname “The Lafayette Suite”.
  • September 6 – Lafayette arrives in Washington, D.C., where he meets the new U.S. President John Quincy Adams, addresses a joint session of Congress and celebrates his 68th birthday at a White House banquet with President Adams.

•    September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington D.C. and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.

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